The islets of Langerhans constitute the endocrine pancreas which regulates blood glucose homeostasis and islet dysfunction results in diabetes. Each of the pancreatic islets constitutes an entire micro-organ with intricate cell to cell interactions and that is well vascularized and innervated. An important therapeutic advantage in islet transplant is that pancreatic islets maintain their organ integrity when isolated and transplanted to patients with severe diabetes. Once transplanted, the islet micro-organs actively contribute to their own vascularization and start to function immediately. Hence, in terms of organ transplantation, the application of pancreatic islets will be a decisive clinical tool for future diabetes care.
To cite this article
The pancreatic islet: a micro-organ in control
Submission date: 12 Mar 2021
Revised on: 15 Mar 2021
Accepted on: 19 Mar 2021
Published online: 19 Mar 2021
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